高校英語「語彙の確認」基礎レベルの日本語訳に挑戦

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高校生の語彙の確認問題です。

基礎の語彙力の確認

次の英文を日本文に直しなさい。

(1)We are looking forward to seeing you next month.

(2)She called on her uncle at his office.

(3)The game was canceled because of heavy rain.

(4)Can you make yourself understood in Chinese?

(5)It was very cold yesterday; in fact, the pond froze over.

(6)If you send a letter to a friend in America, you had better send it  by air mail.

(7)You should study mathematics at least for an hour every day.

(8)I want to keep a pet, for instance, a dog.

(9)As usual he was late for the class.

(10)I would often go to France on business.

(11)I’m short of money this week.

(12)There is a large variety of goods in this shop.

(13)We’ll miss you very much if you go home.

(14)That is the seat which I booked yesterday.

(15)Everyone has the right to happiness.

(16)The building faces the main street.

(17)Is it the case that she is sick in bed now?

(18)My sister tried to save part of her income.

(19)Our college is close to the station.

(20)Is there any chance that she will win the game?

(21)We are going to take part in the speech contest.

(22)We sometimes give her a hand with the work.

(23)The actor was familiar to Japanese people.

(24)My dream is to run a pet shop with my sister.

(25)It is not good to tell a lie in order to betray your friend.

(26)He caught a cold because he had stayed outside for a long time.

(27)It is very easy to find fault with others.

(28)My sister kept a diary when she was in school.

(29)You had better take some exercise for your health.

(30)I believe John had something to do with what happened.

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基礎の語彙力の確認 解答

(1)We are looking forward to seeing you next month.
私たちはみんな、来月君に会えるのを楽しみにしているよ。

look forward to+名詞(動名詞):~を期待して待つ

(2)She called on her uncle at his office.
彼女は叔父の会社に彼を訪ねた。

call on ~:~を訪問する

(3)The game was canceled because of heavy rain.
大雨のため試合は中止になった。

because of ~:~のために

(4)Can you make yourself understood in Chinese?
君は中国語で言いたいことを理解してもらえるかい。

make oneself understood:自分の言いたいことを理解してもらう

(5)It was very cold yesterday; in fact, the pond froze over.
昨日はとても寒かった。実際、池が一面に凍った。

in fact:実際

(6)If you send a letter to a friend in America, you had better send it by air mail.
アメリカの友達に手紙を送るなら、航空便で送るほうがよい。

by air mail:航空便で  had better~:~した方がよい

(7)You should study mathematics at least for an hour every day.
あなたは毎日少なくとも1時間数学を勉強すべきだ。

at least:少なくとも

(8)I want to keep a pet, for instance, a dog.
私は何かペットを、例えば、犬を飼いたい。

for instance:例えば

(9)As usual he was late for the class.
いつものように、彼は授業に遅れた。

as usual:いつものように

(10)I would often go to France on business.
私は商用で、よくフランスへ行ったものだ。

would often~:よく~したものだ

(11)I’m short of money this week.
今週はお金が足りない。

(12)There is a large variety of goods in this shop.
この店には様々な種類の品物がある。

(13)We’ll miss you very much if you go home.
あなたが帰ってしまうととても寂しくなります。

(14)That is the seat which I booked yesterday.
あれは昨日私が予約した席だ。

(15)Everyone has the right to happiness.
すべての人には幸せを得る権利がある。

(16)The building faces the main street.
その建物はメインストリートに面している。

(17)Is it the case that she is sick in bed now?
彼女が今病気で寝ているというのは本当ですか。

(18)My sister tried to save part of her income.
私の姉(妹)は、自分の収入の一部を蓄えておこうとした。

try to~:~しようとする

(19)Our college is close to the station.
私たちの大学は、駅に近い。

(20)Is there any chance that she will win the game?
彼女がその試合に勝つ見込みはありますか。

(21)We are going to take part in the speech contest.
私たちはスピーチ・コンテストに参加する予定です。

take part in~:~に参加する

(22)We sometimes give her a hand with the work.
私たちはときどき彼女の仕事を手伝う。

give+人+a hand:(人)を手伝う

(23)The actor was familiar to Japanese people.
その俳優は日本人によく知られている。

be familiar to~:~でよく知られている

(24)My dream is to run a pet shop with my sister.
私の夢は、姉(妹)とペットショップを経営することです。

(25)It is not good to tell a lie in order to betray your friend.
友だちを裏切ろうとして嘘をつくのはよくないことだ。

tell a lie:嘘をつく in order to~:~するために

(26)He caught a cold because he had stayed outside for a long time.
彼は長い間外にいたので風邪をひいた。

catch a cold:風邪をひく

(27)It is very easy to find fault with others.
他人を非難するのはとても簡単だ。

find fault with~:~のあらを探す、~を非難する

(28)My sister kept a diary when she was in school.
姉(妹)は学生時代、日記をつけていた。

keep a diary:日記をつける(習慣として)

(29)You had better take some exercise for your health.
あなたは健康のために多少運動した方がよい。

take exercise:運動する

(30)I believe John had something to do with what happened.
私は、ジョンがその出来事に関して何か関係していたと信じている。

have something to do with~:~と何か関係がある

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